Age, Sex, Existing Conditions of COVID-19 Cases and Deaths

Last updated: May 13, 18:00 GMT

Current Statistics

Age of Coronavirus Deaths

We are collecting and analyzing the data from all US States. In the meantime, below we show the data provided by New York City Health as of May 13, 2020:

AGE

Number of Deaths
Share of deaths With underlying conditions Without underlying conditions Unknown if with underlying cond. Share of deaths
of unknown + w/o cond.

0 - 17 years old

9

0.06%

6

3

0

0.02%

18 - 44 years old

601

3.9%

476

17

108

0.8%

45 - 64 years old

3,413

22.4%

2,851

72

490

3.7%

65 - 74 years old

3,788

24.9%

2,801

5

982

6.5%

75+ years old

7,419

48.7%

5,236

2

2,181

14.3%

TOTAL

15,230

100%

11,370 (75%)

99 (0.7%)

1,551 (24.7%)

25.3%

April 14 Data

For comparison, below is the data provided by New York City Health as of April 14. It can be noted that the absolute number of deaths of patients without underlying conditions was actually higher in this earlier report compared to the May 13 one, signaling the data has been since corrected and revised downward.

AGE

Number of Deaths
Share of deaths With underlying conditions Without underlying conditions Unknown if with underlying cond. Share of deaths
of unknown + w/o cond.

0 - 17 years old

3

0.04%

3

0

0

0%

18 - 44 years old

309

4.5%

244

25

40

1.0%

45 - 64 years old

1,581

23.1%

1,343

59

179

3.5%

65 - 74 years old

1,683

24.6%

1,272

26

385

6.0%

75+ years old

3,263

47.7%

2,289

27

947

14.2%

TOTAL

6,839

100%

5,151

137 (2.0%)

1,551

24.68%

[1] Underlying illnesses include Diabetes, Lung Disease, Cancer, Immunodeficiency, Heart Disease, Hypertension, Asthma, Kidney Disease, and GI/Liver Disease. [source]

Sex ratio

Data provided by New York City Health as of April 14, for known sex of deceased:

SEX

Deaths Share of Deaths With underlying conditions
Share within this category Without underlying conditions Share within this category Unknown if with cond. Share within this category

Male

4,095

61,8%

3,087

62,2%

96

72.2%

912

59.5%

Female

2,530

38.2%

1.873

37.8%

37

27.8%

620

40.5%

Older Statistics

Data from initial studies in China

At the end of February, there were two sources that provided age, sex, and comorbidity statistics:


  • The Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission published on Feb. 28 by WHO, [2] which is based on 55,924 laboratory confirmed cases. The report notes that The Joint Mission acknowledges the known challenges and biases of reporting crude CFR early in an epidemic (see also our discussion on: How to calculate the mortality rate during an outbreak)
  • A paper by the Chinese CCDC released on Feb. 17, which is based on 72,314 confirmed, suspected, and asymptomatic cases of COVID-19 in China as of Feb. 11, and was published in the Chinese Journal of Epidemiology [1]

We will list data from both, labeling them as confirmed cases and all cases respectively in the tables.

Age of Coronavirus Deaths

COVID-19 Fatality Rate by AGE:

*Death Rate = (number of deaths / number of cases) = probability of dying if infected by the virus (%). This probability differs depending on the age group. The percentages shown below do not have to add up to 100%, as they do NOT represent share of deaths by age group. Rather, it represents, for a person in a given age group, the risk of dying if infected with COVID-19.

AGE

DEATH RATE
confirmed cases
DEATH RATE
all cases

80+ years old

21.9%

14.8%

70-79 years old

8.0%

60-69 years old

3.6%

50-59 years old

1.3%

40-49 years old

0.4%

30-39 years old

0.2%

20-29 years old

0.2%

10-19 years old

0.2%

0-9 years old

no fatalities


*Death Rate = (number of deaths / number of cases) = probability of dying if infected by the virus (%). The percentages do not have to add up to 100%, as they do NOT represent share of deaths by age group.

In general, relatively few cases are seen among children.

Sex ratio

COVID-19 Fatality Rate by SEX:

*Death Rate = (number of deaths / number of cases) = probability of dying if infected by the virus (%). This probability differs depending on sex. When reading these numbers, it must be taken into account that smoking in China is much more prevalent among males. Smoking increases the risks of respiratory complications.

SEX

DEATH RATE
confirmed cases
DEATH RATE
all cases

Male

4.7%

2.8%

Female

2.8%

1.7%

*Death Rate = (number of deaths / number of cases) = probability of dying if infected by the virus (%). The percentages do not have to add up to 100%, as they do NOT represent share of deaths by sex.

Pre-existing medical conditions (comorbidities)

Patients who reported no pre-existing (comorbid) medical conditions had a case fatality rate of 0.9%. Pre-existing illnesses that put patients at higher risk of dying from a COVID-19 infection are:

COVID-19 Fatality Rate by COMORBIDITY:

*Death Rate = (number of deaths / number of cases) = probability of dying if infected by the virus (%). This probability differs depending on pre-existing condition. The percentage shown below does NOT represent in any way the share of deaths by pre-existing condition. Rather, it represents, for a patient with a given pre-existing condition, the risk of dying if infected by COVID-19.

PRE-EXISTING CONDITION

DEATH RATE
confirmed cases
DEATH RATE
all cases

Cardiovascular disease

13.2%

10.5%

Diabetes

9.2%

7.3%

Chronic respiratory disease

8.0%

6.3%

Hypertension

8.4%

6.0%

Cancer

7.6%

5.6%

no pre-existing conditions

0.9%

*Death Rate = (number of deaths / number of cases) = probability of dying if infected by the virus (%). The percentages do not have to add up to 100%, as they do NOT represent share of deaths by condition.

Coronavirus Worldometer Sections:

Sources

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