Vilnius District Municipality

Vilniaus rajono savivaldybė
Samorząd rejonu wileńskiego

Coat

Coat of arms

Location

Location of Vilnius district municipality

Countrysrc=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Flag_of_Lithuania.svg/23px-Flag_of_Lithuania.svg.png Lithuania
Ethnographic regionDzūkija/Aukštaitija
CountyVilnius Vilnius County
CapitalVilnius
Elderships
Government
 • MayorMarija Rekst (Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania)
Area
 • Total2,129 km2 (822 sq mi)
Population

 (2021)

 • Total106,957
 • Density50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitewww.vrsa.lt

Vilnius District Municipality (Lithuanian: Vilniaus rajono savivaldybė) is one of 60 municipalities in Lithuania. It surrounds the capital city of Vilnius on 3 sides, while the rest borders the Trakai District Municipality.

At the 2011 Census, Poles amounted to 52.07% out of 95,348 inhabitants. 32.47% were Lithuanians, 8.01% Russians, 4.17% Belarusians, 0.65% Ukrainians and 0.11% Jews.[1] The population grew to 106,957 in January 2021[2] because of migration of Vilnius citizens to the suburbs.

History[edit]

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Vilnius district municipality is situated in the territory once settled by the Baltic East Lithuanian Barrow Culture (c. 3/4th–11/12th century AD), and numerous archaeological sites from this period are situated within its borders. During the formation of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the major part of what is now Vilnius district municipality was the nucleus of the Lietuva Duchy (the land – Lietuva), while the territory to the north of Maišiagala belonged to Neris land. There is some evidence that Bukiškis just north of Vilnius whose historic name was Gedvydžiai could be associated with Duke Gedvydas and through this link – with Mindaugas.[3] According to Jan Długosz, the pagan ruler of Lithuania Algirdas was cremated in the sacred forest of Kukaveitis near Maišiagala after his death in Maišiagala castle in 1377.[4] Nemenčinė (1338), Maišiagala (1254, 1365) and Medininkai (1387), known from written sources from the 13th-14th centuries, were among the oldest settlements in Lithuania. These were trade and defense centers with castles as well as religious centers – after the Christianization of Lithuania, early churches were built here. As Vilnius was the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the territory around the city was forming the very center of the state, so-called Lithuania proper. It was the major part of a much larger Vilnius Duchy and later – Vilnius Voivodeship. After the partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Vilna Governorate was formed and Vilensky Uyezd occupied all of what is now Vilnius district municipality. When Vilnius and its suburbs in 1923 were incorporated into Interwar Poland, what is now Vilnius district municipality was the core of Powiat wileńsko-trocki. After World War II, Vilnius district municipality was formed. The initially small Vilnius district (938 km²) was soon significantly enlarged, absorbing Naujoji Vilnia district (in 1959) and Nemenčinė district (in 1962) and parts of Ukmergė district, but transferring some smaller administrative territories to Molėtai district and Švenčionys district, including Pabradė (in 1962). After 1962 (then 2313 km²), there were only minor administrative reforms, attaching some territories from Vilnius district municipality (now 2129 km²) to Vilnius city. In March 1987, the villages of Pašilaičiai, Fabijoniškės, Kelmija, Raisteliai and parts of the villages of Pavilionys, Baltoji Vokė, Prašiškės, Bajorai, Buivydiškės, Grigaičiai and Vanaginė were attached to Vilnius city.[5] Almost all of the municipality belongs to the Vilnius urban belt, forming suburban environs of the capital city.[6]

Elderships[edit]

The municipality is divided into 23 elderships:

# Eldership Coat of Arms Administrative

center

Area
in km²[7]
Population
(2019)[8]
Density
per km²
1 Avižieniai Eldership - Avižieniai 52.08 11,598 223
2 Bezdonys Eldership - Bezdonys 121.42 2,886 24
3 Buivydžiai Eldership Buivydziuherbas.png Buivydžiai 98.03 908 9
4 Dūkštos Eldership - Dūkštos 89.66 1,930 22
5 Juodšiliai Eldership - Juodšiliai 23.63 4,671 198
6 Kalveliai Eldership - Kalveliai 119.91 4,170 35
7 Lavoriškės Eldership - Lavoriškės 121.62 2,277 19
8 Maišiagala Eldership Maisiagala Maišiagala 99.9 2,872 29
9 Marijampolis Eldership - Marijampolis 121.88 3,553 29
10 Medininkai Eldership Medininkuherbas.PNG Medininkai 64.24 1,068 17
11 Mickūnai Eldership Mickunuherbas.png Mickūnai 93.56 5,583 60
12 Nemenčinė Eldership - Nemenčinė 147.23 3,728 25
13 Nemenčinė City Eldership Nemenčinė Nemenčinė 3.98 4,886 1228
14 Nemėžis Eldership Nemėžio Nemėžis 39.76 9,062 228
15 Paberžė Eldership Paberzesherbas.png Paberžė 208.81 3,407 16
16 Pagiriai Eldership - Pagiriai 89.39 7,202 81
17 Riešė Eldership Coat Didžioji Riešė 103.76 6,498 63
18 Rudamina Eldership Rudamina Rudamina 52.49 5,886 112
19 Rukainiai Eldership - Rukainiai 141.21 2,648 19
20 Sudervė Eldership - Sudervė 71.29 2,871 40
21 Sužionys Eldership - Sužionys 164.42 1,791 11
22 Šatrininkai Eldership - Vėliučionys 35.40 2,966 84
23 Zujūnai Eldership - Zujūnai 65.44 7,467 114

Structure[edit]

src=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/76/Bendoriai_settlement%2C_Vilnius_district_municipality%2C_2012_06.jpg/290px-Bendoriai_settlement%2C_Vilnius_district_municipality%2C_2012_06.jpg

New Klevinė settlement in Vilnius district municipality. Because of recent urban sprawl, such new fast-growing quarters surround Vilnius city

src=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8b/Rie%C5%A1%C4%97%2C_Vilnius_district_municipality%2C_2012_06.jpg/290px-Rie%C5%A1%C4%97%2C_Vilnius_district_municipality%2C_2012_06.jpg

Riešė village in Vilnius district municipality. One of the fastest growing localities in the vicinity of the capital.

src=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Mai%C5%A1iagala%2C_dvaras.JPG/290px-Mai%C5%A1iagala%2C_dvaras.JPG

src=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/Liubavo_dvaro_oran%C5%BEerija_ir_oficina_Liubavas_Manor_Officine_and_Orangery_2016.jpg/290px-Liubavo_dvaro_oran%C5%BEerija_ir_oficina_Liubavas_Manor_Officine_and_Orangery_2016.jpg

src=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/37/Interior_of_Suderve_church.jpg/290px-Interior_of_Suderve_church.jpg

District structure.[9]

Largest residential areas by population (2011[10]):

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Vilnius District Municipality is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lithuania 2011 Census. Lietuvos statistikos departamentas. 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-01-11. Retrieved 2013-03-24.
  2. ^ 2021 01 04 Gyventoju skaičius pagal savivaldybes
  3. ^ „Būtovės slėpiniai: Kernavė ar Vilnius?“
  4. ^ Semaška, Algimantas (2006). Kelionių vadovas po Lietuvą: 1000 lankytinų vietovių norintiems geriau pažinti gimtąjį kraštą (in Lithuanian) (4th ed.). Vilnius: Algimantas. pp. 363–364. ISBN 9986-509-90-4.
  5. ^ Visuotinio 1989 m. gyventojų surašymo duomenys, Vilnius, 1993
  6. ^ THE METROPOLITAN REGIONS OF LITHUANIA. RESIDENTIAL DIFFERENTIATION IN THE XXI CENTURY
  7. ^ Atviri duomenys | VĮ Registrų centras. www.registrucentras.lt. Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  8. ^ Naujas detalus gyventojų žemėlapis. osp.stat.gov.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  9. ^ Główny Geodeta Kraju (2012). Robocza wersja wykazu polskich nazw geograficznych świata (Glossary of geographical names) (PDF file, direct download 261 KB). Litwa; ofic. Republika Litewska; Lietuva; ofic. Lietuvos Respublika. Komisja Standaryzacji Nazw Geograficznych (Commission for Standardization of Placenames). p. 27. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  10. ^ Lietuvos statistikos departamentas. http://web.stat.gov.lt/uploads/docs/Gyventojai_gyvenamosiose_vietovese.xls
  11. ^ Radom - Miasta partnerskie [Radom - Partnership cities]. Miasto Radom [City of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.

Coordinates: 54°44′N 25°23′E / 54.733°N 25.383°E

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